Konark is a medium town in the Puri locale in the territory of Odisha, India. It lies on the coast by the Bay of Bengal, 60 kilometers from the capital of the state, Bhubaneswar. It is the site of the thirteenth century Sun Temple, otherwise called the Black Pagoda, implicit dark rock during the rule of Narasimhadeva-I. The sanctuary is a World Heritage Site.The sanctuary is currently generally in ruins, and an assortment of its figures is housed in the Sun Temple Museum, which is controlled by the Archeological Survey of India.
Konark is additionally home to a yearly dance celebration called Konark Dance Festival, committed to old style Indian dance structures, including the customary traditional dance of Odisha, Odissi.In February 2019, the Konark Dance Festival (presently called Konark Music and Dance Festival) will have its 33rd version. The state government is likewise arranging yearly Konark Festival and International Sand Art Festival at Chandrabhaga Beach of Konark.
The name Konârka is gotten from the Sanskrit word Kona (which means point) and word Arka (which means sun) concerning the sanctuary which was committed to the Sun god Surya.
The Sun Temple
The Sun Temple was implicit the thirteenth century and planned as a tremendous chariot of the Sun God, Surya, with twelve sets of ornamented wheels pulled by seven ponies. A portion of the wheels are 3 meters wide. Just six of the seven pony actually stand today. The sanctuary fell into neglect after an agent of Jahangir befouled the sanctuary in the mid seventeenth century.
As indicated by old stories, there was a precious stone in the focal point of the symbol which mirrored the sun beams that passed. In 1627, the then Raja of Khurda took the Sun icon from Konark to the Jagannath sanctuary in Puri. The Sun sanctuary has a place with the Kalingan school of Indian sanctuary engineering. The arrangement of the Sun Temple is along the east–west heading. The inward sanctum or vimana used to be overcomed by a pinnacle or shikara however it was annihilated in the nineteenth century. The crowd lobby or jagamohana still stands and includes dominant part of the vestiges. The top of the ballroom or natmandir has tumbled off. It remains at the eastern finish of the remnants on a raised stage.
In 1559, Mukunda Gajapati came to seat in Cuttack. He adjusted himself as a partner of Akbar and a foe of the Sultan of Bengal, Sulaiman Khan Karrani. After a couple of fights, Odisha at long last fell. The fall was additionally helped by the inward unrest of the state. In 1568, the Konark sanctuary was harmed by the multitude of Kalapahad, a general of the Sultan. Kalapahad is likewise supposed to be liable for harms to a few different sanctuaries during the success.