Nandankanan Zoological Park (Odia: ନନ୍ଦନକାନନ ଜୀବ ଉଦ୍ୟାନ) is a 437-hectare (1,080-section of land) zoo and professional flowerbed in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Set up in 1960, it was opened to general society in 1979 and turned into the first zoo in Quite a while to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) in 2009. It additionally contains a professional flowerbed and some portion of it has been pronounced an asylum. Nandankanan, in a real sense meaning The Garden of Heaven, is situated close to the capital city, Bhubaneswar, in the environs of the Chandaka backwoods, and incorporates the 134-section of land (54 ha) Kanjia lake.
A significant redesign was done in 2000 (after the harm brought about by the super-typhoon of 1999 in beach front Odisha). More than 2.6 million guests visit Nandankanan consistently.
Woodland authorities chose in 1960 that remembering uncommon plants and creatures for the Odisha structure at the World Agricultural Fair in Delhi would help increment participation. Word was shipped off the backwoods division to catch whatever number little creatures as could be allowed for the showcase. Taking all things together, the woodland division figured out how to catch two spotted deer (Axis hub), two yapping deer (Muntiacus muntjak), two dark buck (Antilope cervicapra), one mouse deer, one panther feline, one flying squirrel, one racket-followed drongo, one hornbill, two parrots, two slope mynah, one peacock, and a mongoose. Moreover, the divisional timberland official of Deogarh caught a pangolin (textured insect eating animal) and two porcupines, and the divisional backwoods official of Puri caught a couple of wild hogs and a Python. These creatures were conveyed to the Delhi reasonable and displayed at the Odisha structure.
The State Finance Department mentioned criticisms regarding a zoo in Odisha in light of the expense of both setting up and keeping up the office. While the issue was being discussed, creatures showed up back at Bhubaneswar in May 1960, presenting issues to the timberland office for lodging and taking care of them. P. Mohandra (Divisional Forest Officer, Puri) and G. K. Das (Divisional Forest Officer, Deogarh) fabricated brief designs at Khandagiri for the creatures, and the local area of Jain aided feed them. Conversations about a genuine zoo began not long after Dr. H. K. Mahatab, at that point Chief Minister of Odisha, visited the creatures.
The underlying proposition set the zoo at Ghatikia near Khandagiri and Udayagiri caverns. In any case, this was considered to present water issues later on. A zoo needs part of water to address the issue of creatures, cleaning of creatures sheds and for different purposes. The at that point Range Officer, Chandaka proposed Jujhagarh backwoods block on Kanjia lake close to Barang Railway station as the best area. The then Chief Conservator of Forests, Divisional Forest Officer, Puri, Range Officer, Chandaka and D.P. Ghosh, Forest Ranger visited the spot and were intrigued with its picturesque excellence. with lavish green vegetation on the two sides of the lake introduced a beautiful site. Jujhagarh Forest Block enjoyed every one of the benefits for finding the zoo with the exception of correspondence from Bhubaneswar and the lone methodology was by means of Chandaka covering a distance of 38 km.
A board of trustees comprising of Dr. Radhanath Rath, Sri G.C. Run and Sri D.N. Choudhury, the then Minister of Forests, Secretary, Forest and the Chief Conservator of Forests, individually, visited the spot. They were particularly dazzled with its stylish magnificence and suggested area of the zoo there with development of a straight street (a distance of 14 to 15 km) from Bhubaneswar. Appropriately, it was chosen to find the Zoological Park in Jujhagarh Forest Block, Botanical nursery in Krushnanagar Forest Block and create Kanjia lake for Boating and Angling. The Director, Fisheries consented to build up a segment of the lake for raising different sorts of fish for guests to see. At first it was chosen to keep spotted deer, yapping deer, dark bucks, wild hogs, sambars, nilagai and bears in extensive walled in areas. Different creatures like panther feline, mongoose, flying squirrel, porcupine, python, monkeys, hyena, jackal, civet feline, pangolin, wilderness feline, parrots, mynah and different birds in appropriate enclosures. It was chosen to invest amounts of energy to catch tigers and panthers which could be displayed in reasonable confines for the present and the appropriate open nooks would be worked for them later on. It was additionally settled to raise a decent bloom garden and to plant significant species and therapeutic plants of Odisha inside proposed Botanical nursery in Krushnanagar D.P.F. Ultimately the site around the 134-section of land (54 ha) Kanjia Lake was picked. The lake would be created for amusement also. A 15-kilometer (9.3 mi) street was worked to the site, and Nandankanan Biological Park was formally initiated on 29 December 1960, by Sri S. K. Patil, at that point Indian Minister of Food and Agriculture.
A professional flowerbed was opened in 1963. The primary tiger showed up at the zoo in 1964 from the Alipore Zoo in Calcutta, alongside a couple of African lions, a couple of Mugger crocodiles, and a panther. The workplace was renamed Nandankanan Zoological Park in 1981.
In 2009 Nandankanan Zoological Park turned into the first zoo in Quite a while to turn into an individual from the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA)
Creatures and displays
The zoo is home to around 1660 individual creatures addressing 166 species, including 67 types of vertebrates, 81 types of birds, and 18 types of reptiles. The demise pace of creatures here during the 2008–2009 financial year was one of the most minimal in India, at 3.1% each year contrasted with the public normal of 10%.
The zoo contains a few Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) of a few sizes, not many of them white and not many of them pseudo-melanistic.