The Ushakothi Sanctuary, which covers a forest area of around 304.03 square kilometers and is about 22 kilometers from Sambalpur, was established in 1962. Hirakud Dam is located to the west of the Sanctuary. Floral species such as sal, sandalwood, Arjun, neem, acacia, and casuarinas are common in this dry deciduous forest type. Tigers, elephants, sambar leopards, and bison are among the animals found there. The sanctuary now houses roughly 15 tigers and 35 elephants. Racket-tail dragons and flying squirrels are the major attractions of this refuge, which is rich in avifaunal abundance. There is a two-roomed forest rest house inside the sanctuary for overnight stays. Reservations can be made through the same sanctuary’s Divisional Forest Officer in Sambalpur.